You can go weeks without food, however hunger can weaken you, and impair your “will to survive”. Lack of food can also increase your chances of hypothermia, and effect your overall health and feeling of well being.

In this section we will go over the very basics of finding food. Hunting mammals, gathering plants, and other advanced techniques will be covered in greater detail in future updates.

Insects & Snails

Insects are one of the best survival foods available; they are easy to find & catch, and are high in protein and fat. In a life or death survival situation you need to get over the yuk-factor and do what it takes to survive.

Slugs, snails, grubs, earthworms, mealworms, ants, termites, locust, grasshoppers, and crickets are some examples of creatures that can be eaten. Insects can usually be eaten raw (grasshoppers, locus, and crickets should be cooked to kill parasites), but will taste better if fried, roasted, or boiled.

You can find insects inside of rotted logs, and under tree limbs. There are always insects to be found around water, and under leaves.

Plants

If you don’t know what your eating, don’t eat it! Watching what animals eat proves nothing; some animals can ingest toxins that are harmful to humans. Choosing plants for food is beyond this basic survival guide, for an advanced plant gathering guide check out our “Advanced Gathering” survival guide.

Mushrooms

Don’t eat mushrooms unless you are 100% sure that it is safe!!! Mushrooms can kill the untrained.

Water Wildlife

Fish, are the next easiest to catch food source. Turtles, frogs, snakes, newts, salamanders, lizards, mollusks, crustaceans, shrimp, and ells are some of the available food that can be found near fresh & salt water.

Fishing

The best times to fish is before dawn, and after dusk.
Use bait (small fish, worms, etc.), or create a lure out of a shinny piece of metal to attract fish.

You can make fish hooks out of natural or man-made materials

survival - Fish Hooks made from natural & Man-made materials
Fish Hooks made from natural & Man-made materials

You can make fishing line from plant or cloth fibers. Some materials that work well for fishing line are the inner bark of trees, hemp, nettle, milkweed, yucca, and reeds.

  • Gather the fibers together and tie one end together.
  • Tie the strands onto something solid (tree branch, etc.).
  • Separate into two separate strands.
  • Twist each strand clockwise.
  • Wrap the strands together in a counter clockwise motion.
  • Tie the lose end together.

Rope made from natural & man-made materials
Rope made from natural & man-made materials

You can also set out trot lines, and check them every hour.

You can also make a fishing spear out of many man-made & natural materials.

Fishing Spear made out of man-made & natural materials
Fishing Spear made out of man-made & natural materials

You can make a fish net for catching smaller fish, or pulling large fish to shore.

You can also make several handy types of traps for catching fish.

You can even poison fish by dumping a lot of lime into the water. Heat coral, or shells till brittle, and beat into a powder to create lime (or use lime stone).

Hunting

We will only cover a few types of traps here, for more hunting techniques visit our “advances hunting guide”.

Noosing Wand

A noosing wand can be used for catching a variety of animals including lizards and nesting birds.

Noosing Wand
Noosing Wand

Squirrel Pole

Squirrel Pole Snare
Squirrel Pole Snare

Ground Snares

Ground Snare
Ground Snare

Dead Falls

Dead Fall Trap
Dead Fall Trap

Hanging Ground Fall
Hanging Ground Fall

Preparing Food

Below are recommended methods for cooking various foods.

Insects
Fry, boil, or eat raw (grasshoppers, locus, and crickets should be cooked to kill parasites).

Frogs
Skin, cook, and eat the whole body.

Salamanders
Skin, gut, and eat.

Snakes
Cut of the head, gut, skin, cook, and eat.

Lizards
Skin, gut, cook, and eat. Small lizards can be skewed and cooked whole; meat is done once skin bubbles and cracks.

Turtles

Birds
Pluck feathers, gut, cook, and eat.

Mammals
Skin, gut, cook, and eat.

Tip: You can skew small animals, and burn off the hair; this will help to kill parities, ticks, and fleas that may carry diseases.

Fish
Gut, remove scales, and cook. (You can fillet the fish, but cook and eat all of the remains.).

Cooking

One of the fastest ways to cook something is by skewing it, and cooking over open flames. You can boil many foods to remove unsavory flavors, and to retain many of their vitamins and minerals.

Boiling

If you don’t have a pot available for boiling, you can use natural and man-made materials.

Turtle Shell

Coconut Shell

Sea Shell

Bamboo

Rock Method for Boiling

For non-fireproof pots, you can heat rocks and place in your water. Keep replacing cooled rocks with hot rocks until your food has been adequately boiled.

Warning: Porous rocks, water logged river rocks, and concrete may explode when heated.

Wood Bowl

Animal Stomach

Animal Hide (Skin)

Wool, or other water resistant material

Cooking Fires