EXTREME HEAT

Heat is often the highest cause of weather related death.

 

Ways to keep cool:

  • Drink plenty of fluids (water is king).
  • Find shade or better yet air conditioning
  • Avoid strenuous activities
  • Wear light clothing and a wide brim hat
  • Watch for heat related illness; heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke
  • Never leave any living thing in a closed car (elderly, children, pets)
  • Eat peppers! Seriously! Eating peppers increases blood flow and raises your internal temperature causing you to sweat. Sweating causes you to cool down! The increased blood flow through capillaries close to the surface of the skin allow for heat lose through radiation, convection (evaporation) and conduction. Just make sure to drink plenty of water!

HEAT RELATED ILLNESS

Dehydration

  • Thirst
  • Less-frequent urination
  • Dry skin
  • Fatigue
  • Light-headedness
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Dry mouth and mucous membranes
  • Increased heart rate and breathing

In children, additional symptoms may include:

  • Dry mouth and tongue
  • No tears when crying
  • No wet diapers for several hours
  • Sunken abdomen, eyes, or cheeks
  • Listlessness
  • Irritability
  • Skin that does not flatten when pinched and released

Heat Cramps

  • Signs: Muscle pains and/or spasms in the stomach, arms, and legs.
  • Treatment: Get to a cooler location (air condition) and remove any or all excess clothing. Sip on a sports drink that contains salt and sugar. Seek medical attention if cramps last more than an hour.

Heat Exhaustion

  • Signs: Heavy sweating, paleness, muscle cramps, tiredness, weakness, dizziness, headache, nausea or vomiting, or fainting
  • Treatment: Get to a cooler location (air condition) and remove any or all excess clothing. Sip on a sports drink that contains salt and sugar. Seek medical attention if cramps last more than an hour.

Heat Stroke

  • Signs: Extremely high body temperature above 103 degrees. No sweating and red, hot, dry skin; rapid, strong pulse; dizziness; confusion; or unconsciousness.
  • Treatment: Call 911 or get to a hospital immediately! Cool down with whatever methods are available until medical help arrives.