Disaster Preparedness

Emergency & Disaster Preparedness

[Planning] [Disaster Kit] [Articles] [Downloads] [First Aid]

  • Get informed.
  • Develop an emergency plan.
  • Prepare a disaster supply kit.
  • Learn where to seek shelter.
  • Identify your community warning systems and evacuation routes.
  • Include in your plan information from community, workplace, and schools.
  • Learn about what to do in specific hazards.
  • Practice and maintain your plan.
  • When disaster is eminent

Get informed.

Develop an emergency plan.

Meet with your family and discuss why you need to prepare for disaster. Explain the
dangers of fire, severe weather and earthquakes to children. Plan to share responsibilities
and work together as a team.

  • Discuss the types of disasters that are
    most likely to happen. Explain what
    to do in each case.
  • Pick two places to meet:
    1. Right outside your home in case of
    a sudden emergency, like a fire.
    2. Outside your neighborhood in
    case you can’t return home.
    Everyone must know the address and
    phone number.
    • Ask an out-of-state friend to be your
      “family contact.” After a disaster, it’s
      often easier to call long distance.
      Other family members should
      call this person and tell them where
      they are. Everyone must know your
      contact’s phone number.
    • Discuss what to do in an evacuation.
    Plan how to take care of your pets.

Prepare your home.

Yard: Maintain your yard by trimming trees and bushes; remove dead or diseased limbs.
If you live in a flood are make sure you stockpile any need supplies specific to flooding such as sand bags and sand.

Utilities: Become familiar with all utility shut off valves (water, gas, electricity). Make sure you have any special tools needed (water valve key wrench, gas shutoff wrench).

Windows: If you live in a hurricane prone area install shutters or make plywood blanks for all windows.

Pets: Make sure your pets have their latest vaccinations, and I.D. Tags on their collars (microchipping your pet is also recommended). Prepare a go bag for your pets that include leashes, medications, food bowls, and 3 days worth of food and water.

 

Prepare a disaster supply kit.

Keep enough supplies in your home to meet your needs for at least three days. Assemble a Disaster Supplies Kit with items you may need in an evacuation. Store these supplies in sturdy, easy-to-carry containers such as backpacks, duffel bags or covered trash containers.

The Kit

  • A three-day supply of water (3 gallons per person)
  • A three-day supply of food that won’t spoil.
  • One change of clothing and footwear per person, and one blanket or sleeping bag per person.
  • First aid kit
  • Prescription medications and extra pairs of glasses.
  • Emergency tools including a battery- powered radio, flashlight and plenty of extra batteries.
  • An extra set of car keys and a credit card, cash or traveler’s checks.
  • Sanitation supplies.
  • Special items for infant, elderly or disabled family members.
  • An extra pair of glasses.
  • Keep important family documents in a waterproof container.
  • Keep a smaller kit in the trunk of your car.

Read more about building a disaster kit.

Learn where to seek shelter.

Identify your community warning systems and evacuation routes.

Include in your plan information from community, workplace, and schools.

Learn about what to do in specific hazards.

Practice and maintain your plan.

When disaster is eminent

Clean your yard: Clean and secure anything in your yard that could be picked up or toppled by wind or water! Bring objects such as patio furniture indoors.

Windows: Close and secure window shutters; or secure windows with plywood blanks.

Protect your things: Protect valuables by moving things to higher elevation if flooding is possible, wrapping electronics and breakables with blankets, and securing or taking valuable family heirlooms or photographs.

If you are evacuating: Turn off all utilities (electricity, water, gas). Lock your doors! Make arrangements for your pets.

After the event!

You can find out witch states and counties are offering disaster assistance by visiting disasterassistance.gov